What is a Mineral and How do Minerals Form and it’s Properties


What is a Mineral? Many have looked at a rock and wondered how it came to be. Well, the history of rocks begun about 4.5 billion years ago, when dust and gas combined to form the very rocks that make up our beautiful planet. Rocks are the stuff of stars since they were created from … Read more

Causes, Effects and Types of Landslides


What is a Landslide? Landslides are among the many natural disasters causing massive destructions and loss of lives across the globe. According to a survey study by the International Landslide Centre at Durham University, UK, 2,620 fatal landslides occurred between 2004 and 2010. These landslides resulted in the death of over 32,322 people. The figure … Read more

Igneous Rocks: Formation, Types and Examples


What are Igneous Rocks? Igneous rocks form from the cooling of magma – molten materials in the earth’s crust. The terminology Igneous means fire or heat. In this sense, igneous rocks are formed when molten rock (magma) solidifies either underneath the earth crust to form plutonic (intrusive) igneous rocks or on the surface of the … Read more

What is a Tsunami and What Causes a Tsunami?


What is a Tsunami? A tsunami is a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface resulting from a destructive sea wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption. The volcanic or earthquake activity usually creates a huge wave underneath the ocean, which eventually come down violently onto the shoreline. The outcomes can be devastating for … Read more

What is a Volcano and How are Volcanoes Formed?


What is a Volcano? A volcano is a fissure – opening or vent – in the earth’s crust through which molten rocks and gases erupt. The molten rocks can be in the form of mixture of hot gases, ash, lava, or other extremely hot substances within the earth’s crust. A volcano looks like a huge … Read more

Various Causes and Effects of Smog

Causes and Effects of Smog Smog simply refers to a mixture of liquid and solid fog and smoke particles. Smog is usually seen as yellowish or blackish fog which suspends in the atmosphere or forms a ceiling in the air. It happens when fume, emissions, and particulates – nitrogen and sulfur oxides and volatile organic … Read more