15+ Surprising Lithosphere Facts For Kids

Earth Lithosphere

15+ Surprising Lithosphere Facts For Kids Earth’s Lithosphere can be best defined as a solid shell or a crust that protects the earth. So, in a way, the lithosphere protects the Earth just as an eggshell protects the egg yolk. Right below the lithosphere, there’s yet another layer known as the asthenosphere. This is a … Read more

What is a Mountain Landform: Formation and Types of Mountains

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What is a Mountain Landform? Of all the landforms on earth, mountains loom large in people’s imagination. From ancient times, many have viewed these mysterious places as home to supernatural beings or gods. Others have viewed them as the hallmark in human escapade. Mountain climbing is one such escapade and is seen as an intense … Read more

What is a Mineral and How do Minerals Form and it’s Properties

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What is a Mineral? Many have looked at a rock and wondered how it came to be. Well, the history of rocks begun about 4.5 billion years ago, when dust and gas combined to form the very rocks that make up our beautiful planet. Rocks are the stuff of stars since they were created from … Read more

Theory and Evidence of Seafloor Spreading

seafloor-spreading

The Theory of Seafloor Spreading Seafloor spreading is a geologic process where there is a gradual addition of new oceanic crust in the ocean floor through a volcanic activity while moving the older rocks away from the mid-oceanic ridge. The mid-ocean ridge is where the seafloor spreading occurs, in which tectonic plates—large slabs of Earth’s lithosphere—split … Read more

The Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks

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What is a Rock? Rocks ordinarily lie everywhere on the ground of the earth. They constitute most of the landforms, as we often notice. For instance, rocks make up the mountains and most of the non-water portions of the earth’s surface. A rock is hence defined as a solid naturally occurring mass or lumps of … Read more

What are Landforms and Major Types of Landforms on the Earth

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What are Landforms? Landforms are the natural features and shapes existent on the face of the earth. Landforms possess many different physical characteristics and are spread out throughout the planet. Together, landforms constitute a specific terrain and their physical arrangement in the landscape forms what is termed as topography. The physical features of landforms include … Read more

Metamorphic Rocks: Formation, Types and Examples

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What are Metamorphic Rocks? Metamorphic rocks are the rocks formed from other rocks. They are sedimentary or igneous rocks that have undergone changes as a result of extreme pressure and heat. The name defines their formation whereby ‘meta’ means change and ‘morph’ means ‘form.’ Hence, metamorphic rocks are those whose forms have been changed through … Read more

Igneous Rocks: Formation, Types and Examples

igneous-rock-the-earth-vomited-this-rock

What are Igneous Rocks? Igneous rocks form from the cooling of magma – molten materials in the earth’s crust. The terminology Igneous means fire or heat. In this sense, igneous rocks are formed when molten rock (magma) solidifies either underneath the earth crust to form plutonic (intrusive) igneous rocks or on the surface of the … Read more

What is a Rock and What are 3 Basic Types of Rocks

red-rock-canyon-canyon-las-vegas

What is a Rock? Rocks ordinarily lie everywhere on the ground of the Earth. They constitute most of the landforms, as we often notice. For instance, rocks make up the mountains and most of the non-water portions of the earth’s surface. A rock is hence defined as a solid naturally occurring mass of consolidated mineral … Read more

What is a Tsunami and What Causes a Tsunami?

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What is a Tsunami? A tsunami is a sudden violent change in the earth’s surface resulting from a destructive sea wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption. The volcanic or earthquake activity usually creates a huge wave underneath the ocean, which eventually come down violently onto the shoreline. The outcomes can be devastating for … Read more