What is a Tornado and What Causes a Tornado?

tornado-weather-storm-disaster

What is a Tornado? Tornadoes are associated with violent and destructive windstorms occurring over land characterized by a funnel-shaped cloud extending towards the ground. In other words, a tornado is a funnel-shaped violent windstorm that whirls upwards rapidly with a tip touching the ground. If the tip doesn’t touch the ground, it is termed as … Read more

What is a Flood and What Causes Flooding?

flood-seat-chair-bench-water

What is a Flood? Floods are natural occurrences where an area or land that is normally dry abruptly becomes submerged in water. In simple terms, flood can be defined as an overflow of large quantities of water onto a normally dry land. Flooding happens in many ways due to overflow of streams, rivers, lakes or … Read more

What is a Volcano and How are Volcanoes Formed?

volcanic-eruption-eruption-volcano

What is a Volcano? A volcano is a fissure – opening or vent – in the earth’s crust through which molten rocks and gases erupt. The molten rocks can be in the form of mixture of hot gases, ash, lava, or other extremely hot substances within the earth’s crust. A volcano looks like a huge … Read more

Causes and Effects of Drought

desert-drought-dehydrated-clay-soil

What is a Drought? During dry and hot weather periods, it is common to find dry and cracked earth without even a single shed of water or wet areas. Lakes, rivers, and streams may as well run dry. Well, these are the typical earth conditions that define drought in layman terms. Drought can simply be … Read more

What is an Earthquake and What Causes Earthquake?

building-collapse-from-earthquake

What is an Earthquake? Earthquake refers to a sudden violent shaking and vibration of the earth surface resulting from underground movement along a fault plane or from volcanic activity. Earthquakes can cause serious destruction to property, injury to people and even kills. It happens when there is sudden movement or breaking of the tectonic plates. … Read more