What are Sunspots and How are Sunspots Formed?

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What are Sunspots? Sunspots are temporary phenomena that occur on the Sun’s photosphere which appear as spots darker than the areas surrounding it. These regions reduce the surface temperature which are caused by concentrations of magnetic field flux and inhibit convection. Sunspots usually appear in pairs of opposite magnetic polarity. The numbers of these sunspots … Read more

Thunderstorm: Formation, Types and Effects

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What is a Thunderstorm? A thunderstorm is basically a storm characterized by lightning and thunder. Also known as electrical storms, lightning storms, or thundershowers, thunderstorms are caused by an updraft that occurs when warm, moist air rises up into the atmosphere. Then, the updraft forms a cumulus cloud, which eventually becomes the thunderstorm cloud. Thunderstorms … Read more

Arctic Ocean: Climate, Islands, Depth, Location, Currents

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Arctic Ocean The Arctic Ocean is the shallowest and smallest ocean with a total area of approximately 13,986,000 square kilometers. It is located around the North Pole and is surrounded by some countries like Greenland, Alaska, Canada, Russia and Norway. The ocean is connected to the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait and the Atlantic … Read more

Southern Ocean: Climate, Islands, Depth, Location, Currents

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Southern Ocean The Southern Ocean is the newest ocean recognized by the United States Board on Geographic Names. The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) created the Ocean as the fifth ocean ranking as the fourth largest ocean in the world representing fifteen percent of the earth’s water. The ocean is believed to form after the separation … Read more

Indian Ocean: Climate, Islands, Depth, Location, Currents

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Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third largest oceanic divisions in the world and covers one-fifth of the total ocean waters. It bounds the waters on the west of Africa, east of Malay Peninsula, Sunda Islands, Australia, south of Southern Ocean, and the north of Asia including the Indian peninsula. The Indian Ocean was … Read more

Various Interesting Facts About the Southern Ocean

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Various Interesting Facts About the Southern Ocean The Southern Ocean is also known as the Antarctic Ocean located in the Southern hemisphere that surrounds the Antarctica. It is ranked as the fourth- largest of the five principal oceans in the world constituting 15 percent of the earth’s waters. The Southern Ocean is the newest named … Read more

Various Interesting Facts About the Indian Ocean

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Various Interesting Facts About the Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third largest oceanic divisions in the world next to the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean. It is but larger than Antarctic Ocean (Southern Ocean) and Arctic ocean covering 20 percent (one-fifth) of the world waters. It is scattered with thousands of tropical … Read more

Atlantic Ocean: Size, Formation, Depth, Islands, Currents, Climate

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Atlantic Ocean After the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean is the largest ocean on Earth. The Atlantic is divided by the Equator in two rather artificial sections: the North Atlantic and the South Atlantic. Its name derives from Atlantikos (Atlas – the sea beyond the Atlas Mountains), one of the Titans of Greek mythology. Size … Read more

Pacific Ocean: Size, Formation, Depth, Islands, Currents, Climate

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The Pacific Ocean Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world in terms of weight and depth. It covers more than one third of the surface of the Earth and contains more than half of its volume of water. It is usually done, artificially, a division from the line of Equator: the North Pacific and … Read more

Various Interesting Facts About the Arctic Ocean

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Various Interesting Facts About the Arctic Ocean The shallowest and smallest out of the five oceans, the Arctic, can be found in the northern hemisphere. Its name comes from the word ‘’Arktos’’ which means bear in Greek. Despite the cold, the territory in these waters has been fairly populated for around 20,000 years ago by … Read more